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Statistical Communiqué of Ningbo on 2011 National Economic and Social Development
2012-02-01 00:00:00 visits:442

In 2011, facing complex and austere difficulties and challenges, under the leadership of the municipal Party committee and municipal government, the whole city firmly adhered to the central theme, extensively carried out the “three thoughts and three creations” (progress, change and development; and business start-up, innovation and first rate) activities, earnestly implemented the “six speed-ups” (creation of international influential port, construction of modern city, promotion of industrial upgrade, creation of smart city, construction of ecological civilization and improvement of life quality) strategy, solved the difficult problems, transformed the economic growth mode, promoted the development and benefited the people, thus enabling the economic and social development of the whole city to have the positive trend of “faster growth, accelerated transformation, enhanced strength and improved people’s livelihood”, enhancing and expanding the achievements in coping with the global financial crisis and making a good start for the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” development.

I. Comprehensive Summary

National economy rapidly increased in a steady rate. According to preliminary accounting, in the year 2011, the GDP amounted to 601.048 billion yuan, up by 10.0% over the previous year, computed by comparable price. The value added of the primary industry was 25.576 billion yuan, up by 4.0%. The value added of the secondary industry was 333.537 billion yuan, up by 10.0%. The value added of the tertiary industry was 241.935 billion yuan, up by 10.7%. The proportion of the three industries was 4.2:55.5:40.3. The proportion of the value added of the tertiary industry in the GDP increased by 0.1 percentage point than that over the previous year. Calculated by the household registered population, per capita gross municipal product reached 104,485 yuan. Calculated by the resident population, per capita gross municipal product was 77,983 yuan ( USD 16,177 and USD 12,074 respectively converted based on the average annual exchange rate).


GDP in Different Industries of Ningbo in 2011


Actual performance of the year

Up over the same period of previous year (%)

GDP (billion)



Primary Industry



Secondary Industry






Construction Industry



Tertiary Industry



     Transportation, Storage and Post Service Industry



Wholesale and Retail Industry



Accommodation and Catering Industry



Financial Industry



Real estate Industry



Other Service Industries




Financial income and expenditure increased rapidly. The general budget income of the finance realized 143.18 billion yuan, increasing by 22.2% over the previous year; with the growth up by 0.9 percentage point on a year-on-year basis. The fiscal budgeted income of local government was 65.76 billion yuan, up by 23.8% and with the growth up by 1.1 percentage point on a year-on-year basis. Among the local taxes, the business tax, value added tax, business income tax and personal income tax increased by 5.4%, 20.6%, 34.6% and 12.7% respectively. The fiscal budgeted expenditure of the whole city was 75.07 billion yuan, up by 25.0%; the rate is 6.3 percentage points higher compared with the same period of previous year. Among which, the expenditure in education, science and technology, social security and employment, medical health and agriculture, forestry and fishery increased by 31.8%, 27.1%, 70.3%, 28.9% and 34.7% respectively. The general public service expenditure was further reduced while improving the livelihood of people. The general public service expenditure throughout the year increased by 11.8%, down by 1.0 percentage point over the previous year.


The work effects of employment and re-employment were favorable. The positions newly increased were 148,000, 4.1% higher than the previous year. 62,000 unemployed workers obtained employment again, including 19,000 people for whom it was difficult to get a job. 2,271,000 occupations were provided in the human resources market. 1,102,000 people were registered for job application in the human resources market, increased by 13.9%. 36,000 people participated in the rural labor force training, 20,000 people participated in the high skilled talents training, 25,000 people participated in SYB (Start Your Business) training and 143,000 people underwent the occupational skill appraisal, up by 22.5%. The urban registered unemployment rate at the end of the year was 3.44%.


The over-fast price rise was initially curbed. The consuming price index (CPI) increased by 5.3% over the previous year; 0.1 percentage point lower than the national and provincial average level. CPI reached the peak in June and fell back month by month. The prices of eight general categories (foods; tobacco, alcohol and articles for use; residence; transportation and communications; medical care; clothing; home appliances and maintenance; recreational, educational, cultural articles and services;) presented “seven rises and one fall”, and the food price increased fastest, up by 12.4%; the price in recreation, education, and cultural articles and services down by 2.4%. The industrial producer purchase price of the year increased by 8.6% and the Producer Price Index for Industrial Products rose by 5.9%. The trend of the fall of housing price was obvious. The year-on-year increase of sales prices of annual newly built commodity house has been coming down month by month. Since October, the sales price started to appear negative growth. In December, the sales price dropped by 1.3% on a year-on-year basis.


Change Trend of Major Prices of Ningbo in Months of 2011




II. Agriculture and Rural Areas

Agriculture developed steadily. The gross output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 39.92 billion yuan, 4.1% higher than last year, computed by comparable price. Of this total, agriculture was 19.02 billion yuan, up by 4.1%; forestry was 1.11 billion yuan, up by 1.0%; animal husbandry was 6.44 billion yuan, up by 5.9%; fishery was 12.83 billion yuan; up by 3.3%; the output value of agricultural, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery service was 0.53 billion yuan, up by 7.0%. The sown areas of grains reached 151,000 hectares, down by 0.1% and the total output of grains was 887,000 tons, up by 1.8%.


The construction of new countryside was on a new stage. New progress was made in the “Two Reforms” (rural house system reform and centralized reconstruction of rural house) of rural house. 12.99 billion yuan was invested in the “Two Reforms” of rural house this year. 78,000 households of rural houses were under construction, 48,000 households were completed and 6,530,000 square meters of rural house transformation was completed. New changes took place in the rural environment. 1.01 billion yuan was invested in the construction of “100-village demonstration and 1000-village rectification” project of the year, including 230 million yuan from financial departments at different levels; 80 ecological treatment facility villages of household sewage were constructed. The farmer training and transformation was carried forward. 119,000 rural labor forces participated in kinds of trainings this year, 148.3% of the objective in the annual plan, of which, the transferred employment labor forces were 24,000 people and the transferred employment rate reached 80.6%, up by 1.8 percentage points over the previous year; the survey and filing work for rural practical talent resources were completed in time. The existing rural practical talents were 97,000. The farmhouse tourism development was promoted. 17 municipal farmhouse tourism special villages (sites) were established of the year, totaled 108. 12 provincial farmhouse tourism special villages (sites) were established of the year, totaled 40. There were 3 five-star businesses, 2 boutique projects, 1 national leisure agriculture and rural tourism demonstration county, 2 demonstration centers and 1 five-star enterprise; 11,918,000 tourists in farmhouse tourism were received this year and the operating revenue was 1.13 billion yuan. The number of tourists and the amount of revenue increased by 31.6% and by 41.1% respectively over the previous year. The new comprehensive better-off villages this year were 50, totaled 434.


III. Industry and Construction

The comprehensive quality of industrial economy was promoted steadily. The value added of the industry this year was 300.48 billion yuan, up by 10.7% over the previous year with a contribution rate of 53.2% to the GDP. The gross output value of the industrial sector was 1,538.98 billion yuan, an increase of 18.4%. The output value of industries above the designated size was 1,184.82 billion yuan, up by 17.9% and with the growth decreasing by 9.7%, 6.2% and 4.2% respectively compared with the first quarter, first half year and the first three quarters; the industrial production and market were well linked. The sales output value of industrial enterprises above the designated size throughout the year was 1,160.76 billion yuan, up by 18.5%, and production and sales rate was 98.0%, 0.5 percentage point higher than the previous year. The industrial enterprises enhanced the development in domestic markets. The domestic sales proportion in output value of the industrial enterprises above the designated size this year reached 76.8%, up by 2.9 percentage points over the previous year. The profits of the industrial enterprises above the designated size this year were 61.49 billion yuan, down by 2.0%, and the total profit and tax amount was 115.18 billion yuan, up by 5.3%. The composite index of industrial economic benefits scored 279.8, 6.3 marks higher than previous year. The industrial transformation and upgrade were advanced continuously and the strategic, emerging and traditional competitive industries took a lead in increase. The gross industrial output value of the strategic, emerging and traditional competitive industries in the city this year was 743.59 billion yuan, accounting for 62.8% of gross output value in the industries above the designated size of the same period, up by 19.4% over the previous year and with the growth 1.5 percentage points higher than the industries above the designated size. The competitive advantages of large enterprises stood out. The accumulated output value this year was 281.69 billion yuan, up by 19.6% and with the growth 1.7 percentage points higher than the industries above the designated size, 2.9 percentage points and 1.5 percentage points higher than the medium-sized enterprises and small-sized enterprises respectively. The innovation ability was gradually improved. The output value of new products of industries above the designated size this year was 224.24 billion yuan, up by 25.1% and with the growth 7.2 percentage points higher than the industries above the designated size. The output value rate of new products was 18.9%, up by 1.1 percentage points compared with the same period of previous year. The high-tech industry increased rapidly. The gross output value this year was 307.69 billion yuan, up by 20.2% and with the growth 2.3 percentage points higher than the industries above the designated size. The investment in science and technology was enlarged. The expenditure in science and technology activities of industries above the designated size of the year was 13.56 billion yuan, up by 27.8%.


The progress of construction industry sped up. The output value in the construction industry this year was 193.56 billion yuan, an increase of 35.8% than the previous year and with the growth increasing by 3.6 percentage points compared with the same period of previous year. Of this total, the output value of state-owned and state-controlled enterprises was 16.95 billion yuan, up by 22.8%. The construction area was 182,401,000 square metres. The completed area was 51,577,000 square metres. At the end of the year, the number of employees was 935,000, 192,000 more than that of the previous year.


IV. Fixed Assets Investment and Urban Construction

Investment in fixed assets increased rapidly. The fixed assets investment was 239.29 billion yuan, up by 17.6% over the previous year. Of which, the infrastructure investment was 69.73 billion yuan, up by 14.1%; the non-governmental investment was 115.13 billion yuan, up by 21.9%, accounting for 48.1% of the fixed assets investment; the industrial investment turned around the downturn in the past several years consecutively, and was 66.87 billion yuan, up by 8.0%; the real estate development investment was 75.69 billion yuan, up by 35.8%.


Completion Status of Fixed Assets Investment by three Industries,2011


Amount of the year

Up over the same period of previous year

Proportion of the year

Proportion of previous year





Fixed assets investment





Primary industry





Secondary industry





Where: industry





Tertiary industry






The urban infrastructure was further improved. The municipal infrastructure investment in the central city area this year was 15.7 billion yuan. The first expressway-airport expressway in its true sense was completed and put into operation, the “five roads and four bridges” (west section of Tongtu Road, Jingjia Road-Chengzhuang Road, north part of Jichang Road, east part of South Outer Ring Road and East Outer Ring Road; Wantou Bridge, Qinglinwan Bridge, Waitan Bridge and Mingzhou Bridge) project was completed, the south-north ring expressway was commenced, “two horizontals and two verticals” (Lianfeng Road-Liuting Street-Yaohang Street-Baizhang Road; Tongtu Road; West Huancheng Road; Renmin Road-Lingqiao Road; as these four roads run through the east-west and south-north of the city and present a shape like a Chinese character “” (Jing), they are called “two horizontals and two verticals) streetscape rectification was basically completed and the “three-river and six-bank river-side leisure project” (start from the Three-river Mouth (a crossing of Yao River, Fenghua River and Yong River), and cover Yao River-Jichang Road, Fenghua River-Hang Yong Expressway, and Yong River-Shiji Road) was officially launched. The major structure for 15 underground stations along the whole line in Phase I of Rail Transit Line 1 was capped, the tunnels between 18 sections were connected, the overhead section was officially commenced, and the entity construction for 16 stations and 1 open cut section in Phase I of Rail Transit Line 2 was accomplished. The special action against the dead end highway was implemented forcefully. The 22 “dead end highways” in the 2011 plan were connected. The public transport system was further optimized, four public transport routes were newly opened, 22 lines were optimized, 292 buses were replaced or put into operation, including 75 novel natural gas buses with the total transportation capacity being about 4,000 standard vehicles and the air-conditioning vehicle rate being 85%. The water supply capacity was enhanced further. The outgoing pipe complex line project of Maojiaping Water Plant was commenced, the connection and pilot water connection between Baixi Reservoir and Sanxipu Reservoir were completed, the regional water supply pipeline network transformation was accelerated and about 500,000 masses in the rural areas of the suburbs have the same water network, quality and price as those of urban areas. The inland river rectification was carried out in different forms, the rectification of 35 rivers was completed this year, the water pollutant concentration in the urban river was significantly lowered, the total phosphorus, total nitrogen and chemical oxygen demand were lowered by 40%, 21% and 18% respectively and the black and odorous river water was basically eliminated after three years’ rectification.

V. Domestic Trade, Tourism and Exhibition

The trading market continuously prospered. The commodity market rapidly developed. The total volume of goods sales was 939.38 billion yuan in the whole year, up by 25.1% over the previous year. The consumer goods market stepped onto a new stage. The total volume of social consumer goods retail sales this year was 201.89 billion yuan, up by 18.4%, exceeding 200 billion yuan for the first time. Among this total volume, rural consumer market occupied 44.27 billion yuan, up by 14.9%; the wholesale sales were 13.26 billion yuan, up by 54.6%; the retail sales were 170.17 billion yuan, up by 16.5%; the accommodation industry was 3.04 billion yuan, up by 9.0%; the catering industry achieved 15.41 billion yuan, up by 18.1%. Of wholesale and retail above the designated size, fossil oil and related products increased by 59.2%, the clothing, shoe, hat and needle textile products increased by 37.7% and the gold, silver and jewelry increased by 35.8%.


Monthly Total Retail Sales of Consumer Goods

and Accumulated Growth Trend


A new breakthrough was achieved in the tourism. The tourism income totalled 75.13 billion yuan, up by 15.4%. The city received 1.074 million entry tourists, up by 12.8%, exceeding 1 million entry tourists for the first time; the foreign exchange income of tourism was USD 650 million, up by 10.8%; the city received 51.808 million domestic tourists, up by 12.0%, exceeding 50 million domestic tourists for the first time; the domestic tourism income was 70.87 billion yuan, up by 16.1%. Up to this year end, there were 190 star hotels, including 18 five-star hotels. There were 24 AAAA or higher tourist spots and one AAAAA tourist spot.


Exhibition level achieved a considerable development. 220 conferences and exhibitions were held which grew by 20% over the previous year. The total exhibition areas reached 1,178,000 square metres. 76 exhibition activities, 84 business conferences (forums) at the county level or higher and 60 festivals were held in the special exhibition venues.

VI. Foreign Economic and Cooperative Communication

The opening-up advantages were consolidated continuously. The total volume of automatic registration of import and export trading was 98.19 billion US dollars, 18.4% more than last year. Of which, exports were 60.83 billion US dollars, up by 17.1%; imports were 37.36 billion US dollars, up by 20.6%. The annual total volume of imports and exports was 200.44 billion US dollars, up by 24.2%, exceeding 200 billion US dollars for the first time. 2,635 registered foreign trade enterprises were newly added, amounted to 17,321. The enterprises having actual performance of import & export were 12,010. The export volume of the non-governmental enterprises (including private businesses and collective enterprises) increased by 20.9%, accounting for 54.0% of the total export volume; the import volume increased by 24.0%, accounting for 44.6% of the total import volume, driving 10.4 percentage points growth of the import. The export and import volume of mechanical and electrical products increased by 15.2% and 3.7% respectively. The import and export volume of general trades was 73.24 billion US dollars, up by 21.7%, and that of processing trades was 18.82 billion US dollars, up by 7.0%.

Total Volume of Automatic Registration of Import and Export Trading and the Trend of Growth Rate From 2006 to 2011









Foreign investment sped up. Contracted foreign capital was 5.02 billion US dollars, up by 24.0% over the previous year; with the growth up by 5.8 percentage points on a year-on-year basis. The actually utilized foreign capital was 2.81 billion US dollars, up by 20.9%; and with the growth up by 15.6 percentage points on a year-on-year basis. The newly approved projects in the tertiary industry were 206; 1.53 billion US dollars actual foreign capital was utilized, up by 119.8%. The actually utilized foreign capital in the real estate industry was 0.9 billion US dollars, up by 119.5%. The proportion of actually utilized foreign capital in the tertiary industry reached 54.4%, up by 24.5 percentage points compared with the same period of previous year.


Foreign economic and technical cooperation steadily developed. The turnover of foreign undertaking contract projects and labour service cooperation was 1.10 billion US dollars, up by 10.3% over the previous year. The turnover of overseas projects was 1.08 billion US dollars, up by 12.2%. There were 185 foreign investment enterprises and institutions newly approved in the year, and the total investment amounted to 1.2 billion US dollars where 1.11 billion US dollars was from Chinese investment, up by 112.0%.


Services outsourcing industry developed rapidly. The total amount of services outsourcing was 8.56 billion yuan, up by 30.9% over the previous year, and the implemented amount of services outsourcing was 6.09 billion yuan. The contract amount of offshore services outsourcing was 0.38 billion US dollars, up by 40.1% and the implemented amount of offshore services outsourcing was 0.28 billion US dollars. There were 608 services outsourcing enterprises at the end of the year, involving 26,000 workers.


Internal cooperation was propelled smoothly. 53 billion yuan domestic investment was realized, covering 320 key institutions and 132 high quality projects, up by 122.4%, 36.2% and 9.1% respectively over the previous year. 56 collaborative projects between mountainous areas and seaside with 1.79 billion yuan investment were newly added. 77 projects about integrating Shanghai and Changjiang Delta cooperation totalled 16.5 billion yuan. The cooperation projects in the economic zone in the east of Zhejiang were about 10 and the total investment was 0.7 billion yuan. The cooperation projects with the central and west and northeast areas were 81 and the agreement capital was 35.16 billion yuan. The aid projects in Guizhou, Wanzhou and Yunhe were 302 and the capital was 77.633 million yuan. Series of “Ningbo Week” activities were successfully held in Qingdao, Changchun, and Nanchang. Enterprises were organized to participate in the 14th Western China International Economy & Trade Fair, the 15th Investment & Trade Forum for Cooperation between East & West China, the 12th Western China International Economy & Trade Fair, the 17th Zhengzhou Nation Expo and Consumable Fair and the like.

VII. Harbour and Transportation

The port transportation developed continuously. Ningbo Port handled 430 million tons of cargo in the whole year, up by 5.2% over the previous year. Of which, the handling capacity of foreign trade cargo reached 230 million tons, up by 13.3%; among the major cargo (“two rises and one fall”), coal was 65.60 million tons, up by 7.2%, the crude oil was 64.706 million tons, up by 4.2%, and the iron ore was 71.734 million tons, down by 3.1%. The container loading and unloading capacity reached 14.512 million TEUs, up by 11.6%. The increase ranked the third place among ports in mainland China and the sixth place among the ports in the world. The container lines were optimized continuously. The total container lines at the end of the year were 236. Of this total, 126 were major marines, 58 near-sea shipping line, 20 internal branch lines, 32 internal trade lines. Monthly average sailings were 1,249, and the most sailings per month were 1,464. The total lines and monthly average sailings increased by 8 lines and 96 sailings respectively over the previous year.


The construction of transportation infrastructure continued being propelled. Total investment in transportation infrastructure reached 20.56 billion yuan, up by 6.7% over the previous year. The ring expressway of the city was connected in the whole line, “one-circle and five-ray” (Ningbo Loop Expressway; Shenhai Expressway, Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway, Ningbo-Jinhua Expressway, Ningbo-Zhoushan Expressway, and Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Expressway) expressway was completed. The construction of Xiangshan Harbour Bridge and its connectors and Chuanshan Shu Port Expressway was propelled rapidly. A batch of artery roads were completed and open to traffic. There were 10,455 kilometres highways, and the density of highway network reached 106.5 kilometres per one hundred square kilometres. The newly added highway mileage was 258.3km, including 30.2km expressways and 209km re-constructed rural networking highways. Ningbo part of Hang Yong special line was completed and it was estimated that it will be open to traffic officially in 2012. The transformation of Ningbo South Railway Station and relocation of Ningbo North Railway Station were carried forward continuously. Great achievements in quay berth construction were accomplished. There were five 10,000-ton berths being constructed, including Shihua Phase II 450,000-ton oil jetty in Daxie harbor, universal dock (three berths) of Guangming and Yantai Wanhua 20,000-ton liquid chemical dock in Daxie harbor. 21.70 million tons/year cargo handling capacity was newly added.


The transportation capacity of the whole society grew stably. The total volume of cargo transported was 310 million tons and the volume of cargo circulated was 195.58 billion ton-kilometres, up by 8.2% and 24.3% respectively over the previous year. The volume of cargo transported by water reached 140 million tons and the volume of cargo circulated was 168.85 billion ton-kilometres, up by 12.3% and 27.1% respectively. The volume of cargo transported on the railways reached 21.689 million tons, up by 5.3%. The annual throughput of cargo and mail of aviation was 85,000 tons, up by 5.1%. The volume of cargo transported on the highways was 150 million tons and the volume of cargo circulated on the highways was 28.15 billion ton-kilometres, up by 5.1% and 15.0% respectively. The total volume of passenger transportation was 280 million and passenger circulation was 13.83 billion person-kilometres, up by 0.5% and 6.0% respectively. The annual throughput of passenger of civil aviation was 5.014 million people, up by 11.0%.

VIII. Banking, Securities and Insurance

The finance ran in a steady speed. Both deposit and loan of the year exceeded 1,000 billion yuan. The RMB and foreign currencies balance of deposits of financial institutions amounted to 1,065.93 billion yuan by the end of the year, up by 9.1% over the previous year. Among them, the RMB balance of deposits was 1,043.59 billion yuan, up by 9.1%. The RMB and foreign currencies balance of loans of financial institutions amounted to 1,067.68 billion yuan, up by 13.4%. The personal housing loan growth fell back greatly. The personal housing loan balance at the end of the year was 101.62 billion yuan, up by 1.3%; down by 25.3 percentage points over the previous year. The net profit after tax of the banking institutions was 24.66 billion yuan, up by 25.1% over the previous year, and the non-performing loans (NPLs) rate was 0.89%, down by 0.03 percentage point over the beginning of the year. 9 banking financial institutions were newly added. The banking institutions in the whole city at the end of the year were 58, including 3 policy banks, 5 large banks, 10 stock commercial banks, 9 urban commercial banks, 1 postal savings bank, 5 foreign banks, 1 urban credit cooperative, 9 rural cooperative financial institutions, 12 new rural financial institutions and 3 non-bank financial institutions.


The securities market was gloomy. Transaction value of securities trading institutions totalled 1,556.83 billion yuan, down by 15.5% over the previous year. Of this total, transaction value of stocks and funds was 1,388.07 billion yuan, down by 22.2%; for warrants was 10.61 billion yuan, down by 79.5%. The balance of securities clients’ trading settlement funds was 7.95 billion yuan, down by 48.3%. Futures brokerage transactions were 21.737 million (down by 40.8%), with the turnover of 2,627.53 billion yuan (down by 33.3%). New securities investor accounts numbered 891,000 by the end of the year, up by 8.6%. A securities branch, a branch of securities investment consulting company and 8 futures branches were newly added. At the end of the year, there were 58 securities branches, 2 branches of securities firms, 1 securities investment consulting company, 1 branch of securities investment consulting company, 1 futures company and 27 futures branches in the whole city. The number of newly listed companies was 6 in the year, totalled 38 listed companies. Ten enterprises reported IPO application data to the China Securities Regulatory Commission and 4.91 billion yuan was raised via IPO.


The insurance developed rapidly. The insurance income was 14.86 billion yuan, 16.4%. higher than last year. Among them, the property insurance income was 7.73 billion yuan, up by 16.8%, and the personal insurance income was 7.13 billion yuan, up by 16.0%. The payment of all kinds of insurance and indemnity was 4.82 billion yuan, up by 30.7%. Of which, the payment of property insurance was 3.75 billion yuan, up by 36.5% and the payment of personal insurance was 1.07 billion yuan, up by 13.8%. The first rural insurance help organization-Fulong Rural Insurance Help Organization, Longshan Town, Cixi, in China was established to standardize the market order, which greatly promoted the pilot work of life insurance service supervision card and misleading sales awards reporting system, improved the insurance service obviously and guaranteed the local economic development and boosted the social stability.

IX. Science and Technology, Education and Talent

The scientific and technical innovation capacity was enhanced persistently. A batch of high-end innovation research institutions, such as Ningbo Industrial Technical Engineering Research Institute of China Academy of Engineering Physics, East China Institute of China Academy of Safety Science and Technology and Ningbo Research Institute of Tongji University were introduced. Ten largest public technical service platforms were completed and put into operation. The municipal comprehensive innovation capacity ranked the fourth place among the sub-provincial cities. The proportion of scientific and technical research and test development (R & D) fund this year in GDP was 1.8%. A second price of national scientific and technical progress award was obtained, 26 provincial scientific and technical prizes (including a first prize) were obtained, and 79 municipal scientific and technical prizes (including 9 first prizes) were obtained. Four projects were officially listed into key and important projects of 2011 National Spark Program, 2.90 million yuan subsidies from central government was obtained and the subsidy line of the key and important projects was the largest in the city in history. The patent applications this year were 47,582, and the authorizations were 37,342, up by 80.2% and 43.8% respectively over the previous year. The invention patent authorizations were 1,625, up by 34.4%. 31 R & D centers of provincial high-tech enterprises were affirmed, 8 provincial enterprise engineering centers were affirmed and 116 municipal enterprise engineering (technical) centers were affirmed this year. The new high-tech enterprises were 162, the national-level innovative enterprises were 4, the provincial innovative demonstration enterprises were 5 and the provincial innovative pilot enterprises were 8. A new municipal scientific and technical innovation public service platform was affirmed, 2 municipal production-learning-study (cooperation among school, enterprise and research institute) technical innovation alliances were newly added, a provincial industrial technical innovation strategy alliance was newly added, and a national-local production-learning-study strategy alliance was newly added. 15 agricultural scientific and technical innovation enterprises were newly affirmed, 17 spark demonstration bases were newly affirmed and there were 8 rural scientific and technical demonstration villages and towns. At the end of the year, there were 760 high-tech enterprises, 302 municipal scientific and technical enterprises, 616 municipal enterprise engineering (technical) centers, 174 R & D centers of provincial high-tech enterprises, 7 enterprise technical centers affirmed by the state, 13 state-level innovation demonstrations and innovation enterprises, 41 provincial innovation demonstrations and innovation pilot enterprises and 120 municipal innovation pilot enterprises in the whole city.


New achievements were accomplished in education. At the end of the year, there were 2,068 schools, 1.331 million students, and 98,000 teachers and administrative staff, including 75,000 full-time teachers; there were 1,050 full-time privately-run primary and secondary schools (kindergartens), and 293,000 students, accounting for 31% of full-time primary and secondary schools (kindergartens) in the whole city. There were 16 universities and colleges in Ningbo, 193,000 students, including 145,000 students in full-time regular institutions of higher education. The ratio of undergraduate to junior college student was 60:40. The graduate students at school were 6,282. The gross enrollment ratio of higher education was 55%, up by 5 percentage points over the previous year. There were 57 secondary vocational schools, and 82,783 students. The pure enrollment ratio of preschool three-year young children was over 99%. The enrollment ratio and stability rate at the compulsory education stage were 100% and over 99.9% respectively.The proportion of graduates in middle schools into high schools was over 98%.Throughout the year, 70,000 people participated in the enterprise staff trainings, 240 excellent farmers engaged in advanced studies in universities or colleges,and 10,000 freshmen were enrolled in the adult technical secondary school,“two-certificate-system” adult high school and rural reserve labor force education, with the graduates being about 9,000, and 60 learning communities were created.

The strategy of strengthening the city with talents was advanced positively. There were 188,000 new talents this year. At the end of the year, there were 1.091 million talents in total, up by 20.7% over the previous year. The foreign talent development was accelerated. 812 foreign experts were introduced and 103 cooperative projects were completed. The “double-high” (high skill and degree) talent development was enhanced. The first batch 600 excellent young and middle-aged talent candidates were selected, the first batch 40 municipal enterprise technical innovation teams were selected and appraised, and 147 backbone talents in the innovation teams in the enterprises were subsidized and cultivated. The investment in platform carrier construction was enlarged, the first batch 21 enterprise expert studios, 8 post-doctoral work support units and 2 post-doctoral innovation practice bases (national high-tech zone and Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences) were set up. The talent innovation, start-up and development environment was further optimized, 30 municipal experts with outstanding contribution were selected and commended, 10 excellent overseas talents and 10 excellent undergraduate start-up rookies were selected and commended, 38 people were recommended to the provincial 151 Level III candidates, 17 people to 151 talent engineering tutor candidates, 3 people to the provincial young and middle-aged expert candidates with outstanding contribution, 5 people to the provincial chief technician candidates and 1 person to the provincial Qianjiang skill prize candidates.

X. Culture, Public Health and Sports

The policy of culture that benefits people were widely carried out. The “Tianzi” series service platforms such as “Tianran Wutai”, “Tianyi Jiangtang” (Tianyi Lecture) and “Tianxiahui” for public culture were continuously created. 415 cultural relics expositions, 519 public welfare lectures, 3,000 public welfare trainings, 546 fine arts performances, 5,431 public cultural activities, 2,850 dramas to the countryside and 25,018 movies to the countryside this year were held. Ningbo Elder Brother (Ningbo Dage), Yong Drama (Ningbo Drama), obtained the play prize for the 12th Chinese Opera Festival. Dialog program China Ningbo.com and Come, a special on Ningbo TV obtained the first prize of China News Awards. The TV play series the Five-starred Red Flag Flying with the Wind (Wuxinghongqiyingfengpiaoyang) obtained the first prize of China Radio Film and Television Grand Prizes and 28th Serialized TV play “Feitian TV Awards”. The radio series Impregnable Pass of Zhenhai (Zhenhaixiongguan) obtained the radio play expert gold prize of China Radio and Television Association. The cultural centers, galleries, museums and other public welfare cultural centers in the whole city were open to the public for free. 10 cultural centers were honored Level I centers of the state by the Ministry of Culture. Yinzhou District and Cixi City were the state-level and provincial “demonstrations of creating the national public cultural service system” respectively and five towns and townships (sub-districts) were honored the title of cultural towns of Zhejiang. In the whole city, 218 cultural relics preservation units, 530 cultural relics preservation points, 116 items of the municipal intangible cultural heritage directory were newly published and 36 provincial cultural relics preservation units were newly added. 7 projects were listed into the state-level intangible cultural heritage directory and 3 canal heritages were listed into the preparation list of world heritage application. The 5th China International Vocal Competition (Ningbo) was undertaken, the 4th China Ningbo Farmer (Migrant Workers) Film Festival, 90th Anniversary of Founding of Chinese Communist Party, 11th “Sea Silk Road” Cultural Festival, Taiwan-Zhejiang Ningbo Cultural Festival and 4th Overseas Cultural Week and the like were held. The dance drama Ten Miles of Makeup-A Girl’s Dream (Shilihongzhuang-Nvermeng) was performed in Hong Kong and Guangzhou.


Public health development accelerated. The urban-rural resident medical health conditions were improved further.  At the end of the year all types of health-care institutions had a total of 27,000 hospital beds, 53,000 professional health workers and 46,000 medical and health personnel. Of this total, practicing physicians (including assistants) were 18,000 and the registered nurses were 16,000. According to the household register population statistics, the hospital bed, medical and health personnel, practicing physicians (including assistants) and registered nurses per thousand people were 4.7 beds, 8.0 people, 3.2 people and 2.8 people respectively. The community health and rural health work developed rapidly. At the end of the year, there were 151 community health-care service centers (stations), and 126 provincial standard community health-care service centers, with the establishment rate being 83.44% and ranking the first place in the province. The new rural cooperation medical system was further consolidated, the participants were 3.116 million and the proportion was 97.59%. The per capita fund-raising level increased from 344.5 yuan in 2010 to 396 yuan in 2011. Great achievements were accomplished in the public health work, the prevention and control over serious infectious diseases such as AIDS and tuberculosis were carried out earnestly, the vaccination rate of immune planning for children of the right age was 99.79%, The mortality rate of pregnant women among the resident population was 2.43/100,000, the mortality rate of infants was 3.28‰, and the mortality rate of children under 5 years of age was 5.49‰, all of which were record lows. Blood donation without payment was carried forward steadily. 65,955 people participated in the blood donation without payment and the proportion of blood donation without payment in the clinical blood usage was 103.4%, which maintained the objective that the clinical blood usage in the whole city was from the blood donation without payment.


The construction of strong sports city was pushed forward steadily. The sports public service system was improved. 100 “better-off sports villages” were established, 9 towns and townships (sub-districts), 1 sub-district and 32 communities were motivated to participate in the provincial strong sports town, sports advanced sub-district and community establishment work, 119 urban community health-building outlets were renewed, and 490.5 rural health-building outlets were newly added. 350 various courts were constructed. Health-building outlets and sports facilities fully covered in administrative villages at the end of the year. The comprehensive strength of competitive sports was enhanced. The 16th municipal sports meeting was held to promote the grass-roots amateur training. The performance in the seven-city sports meeting was great, 8 gold medals, 7 silver medals and 6 bronze medals were won and the total group scores were 253. The total gold medals, total medals and total group scores all set a new record in the city sports meeting in which Ningbo participated. The coordinated development between sports undertaking and industry was promoted. 53 national matches and activities were held, and the sales volume of sports lottery was RMB 1.05 billion, achieving a new high in the history.

XI. Population, Living Conditions, Social Security and Social Organizations

Population got a proper growth rate. The population through household register was 5.764 million, up by 4.04 per thousand over the previous year, including 2.247 million people in urban areas. The crude birth rate was 8.01 per thousand, the crude death rate was 6.05 per thousand and the natural growth rate was 1.96 per thousand.


The income differences between urban and rural residents narrowed gradually. The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 34,058 yuan, up by 12.9% over the previous year and with the actual growth of 7.2% after deducting the price factor. The per capita net income of rural residents was 16,518 yuan, up by 15.8% and with the actual growth of 9.6% after deducting the price factor. The income difference between urban and rural residents dropped from 2.12:1 in 2010 to 2.06:1 in 2011. The disposable income difference between the top 20% urban residents and the lowest 20% urban residents increased from 5.71:1 in 2010 to 5.93:1 in 2011 and the net income difference between the top 20% rural residents and the lowest 20% rural residents dropped from 4.34:1 in 2010 to 3.96:1 in 2011. The annual per capita living expenses of urban residents reached 21,779 yuan, up by 12.1%, and the Engel coefficient of urban residents was 37.7%, up by 2.2 percentage points over the previous year. The annual per capita living expenses of rural residents reached 11,253 yuan, up by 14.9% and the Engel coefficient of rural residents was 43.6%, up by 2.3 percentage points over the previous year.

Proportion of Consumption Expenditure in Total Consumption Expenditure of Urban Residents


The social security coverage was expanded continuously. By the end of the year, 4.344 million people participated in basic endowment insurance, 3.05 million people participated in medical insurance, 2.534 million people participated in insurance against injury at work, 2.006 million people participated in unemployment insurance and 2.147 million people participated in maternity insurance respectively, with a net increase of 509,000, 237,000, 152,000, 144,000 and 132,000 respectively over the end of previous year. 1.182 million people were covered by urban and rural residents’ endowment insurance. 566,000 people participated in endowment insurance for land requisition personnel and the important coverage rate increased to 85.7%. 1.568 million migrant workers participated in the five social insurances, up by 15.2% over the previous year.


Change of Treatment Standard for Social Security in Ningbo

                                                                                                     Unit: yuan/month




Per capita pension of enterprise retired personnel at the end of the year



Issuance standard for unemployment insurance benefits



Minimum life guarantee standard for city residents



Minimum wage standard for city workers



The people’s livelihood guarantee was strengthened continuously. The dynamic management of households enjoying the minimum living guarantee was enhanced further. 48,886 urban-rural households (72,983 people) enjoyed the minimum living guarantee were at the end of the year and the payment of minimum living guarantee fund was 207 million yuan. 5,398 people enjoyed the rural five guarantees and 5214 enjoyed centralized support and the centralized support rate was 96.59%%. 1,217 people were urban “three-withouts” (no income source, no labor capacity and no legal supporter or dependant), 1,217 people enjoyed the centralized support and the centralized support rate was 100%. The infrastructure in the endowment institutions were improved further, 1,600 beds were newly added in the year. By the end of the year, there were 205 endowment institutions, 30,700 beds and 15,034 old people in the institutions.


The construction of affordable housing projects was advanced comprehensively. RMB 2.38 billion of fiscal funds were arranged for the construction. The government-subsidized houses that were newly commenced this year were 1,906,000m2 and 24,045 suites, exceeding the sum of the last two years (750,000m2 and 1,084,000m2 in 2009 and 2010 respectively). Among which, the public rental housing was 720,000m2 and 11,326 suites; the completed government-subsidized house was 742,000m2 and 3,475 suites were sold; the newly added low-rent houses were 2,997 households; the rectification of 71 old communities was completed (3,482,000m2); the non-suite transformation in the central urban area was 25,500m2. The annual objectives and tasks arranged by the provincial and municipal governments were achieved and fulfilled in advance above the quota.


The charity undertaking developed smoothly. City-level and county-level charity institutions raised 450 million yuan. Expenditures on salvation were 350 million yuan , and 29,000 people were helped. At the end of 2011, the funds raised by the charity organizations totalled 2.99 billion yuan, the salvation expenditure was 1.98 billion yuan and 1.35 million people were helped. About 80 voluntary service activities were carried out this year, about 1000 volunteers participated in the activities and the accumulated service time reached 1,500 hours.


The management system of social organizations steadily improved. There were 6 districts, 2 counties, 3 county-level cities, 78 towns, 11 villages, 63 neighbourhoods offices, 626 neighbourhood committees and 2,569 villager committees.

XII. Ecological Construction and Social Security

The ecological civilized construction was accelerated. Great breakthroughs were made in the atmospheric pollution prevention and control, the construction of fire coal free area in the central urban area was carried out, 235 sets of fire coal boilers and industrial furnaces/kilns were eliminated, which was 152.6% of the annual plan, and Jiangdong and Haishu became the first batch completed “fire coal prohibition areas”; the prevention and control of motor vehicle exhaust pollution and oil & gas recycle were deepened, the entry of motor vehicles from other places below National Standard III was managed strictly, and 382 gas stations, 6 oil depots and 140 oil tank trucks were transformed, which exceeded the oil & gas recycle objective of 300 gas stations set at the beginning of the year. 102 water source sites in the whole city were qualified after completion, and the protected area of drinking water source was standardized. The treatment plant system of domestic waste in the central urban area was adjusted and optimized. Phase I of incinerator transformation project of domestic waste incineration power plant in Zhenhai District was completed, and the methane power generation project of sanitary landfill site of domestic wastes in Yinzhou District was put into production and connected to the grid smoothly for power generation. The wastewater treatment facility construction was speeded up. Phase II of wastewater treatment plant in the south of Ningbo and Phase I of Xinzhou wastewater treatment plant were put into operation and 240,000 tons/day wastewater handling capacity was newly added. The collection, transportation and treatment supervision for kitchen wastes was enhanced and the collection rate of kitchen wastes in the city was 85%, up by 5 percentage points over the previous year. 4 provincial ecological civilized education bases were constructed, and 8 municipal ecological civilized education bases were constructed. There were 25 state-level ecological towns and townships and 96 provincial ecological towns and townships (sub-districts). The scientific development concept of ecological civilized construction went deeply into people’s mind.


The construction of “Peaceful Ningbo” developed in depth. The safety production maintains stable continuously. The number of various accidents in production declined by 4.2%, of death toll declined by 3.9% and that of the direct economic loss declined by 9.1% (“negative increase” during the seven successive years). The number of serious accidents was 5 this year, leaving 23 people dead (missing), which was the lowest in the past ten years. No serious accidents occurred in the industrial and mining commerce and trade and firefighting fields, four indexes (accident number, economic loss, death toll and number of injuries) in road transport decreased comprehensively and “no accident” occurred in the inland river water transportation. The food and drug safety guarantee was improved constantly, and the supervision of drug and medical equipment market was enhanced. 24,268 law enforcement officials were dispatched, 8,961 units were inspected, 3,796 complaints were accepted, 562 cases were registered, 545 cases were settled, the penalty totalled 8.4028 million yuan, 3 cases were handed over to the public security bureau, 300 illegal ads for drug and medical equipment health-care were discovered (262 were handed over to the administration for industry and commerce and 38 were given the administrative warnings). The control over food safety source was deepened, the food safety was supervised according to the law, and batches of food quantitative inspections were 43,383 this year, which was 108.5% of the objective. The letters accepted from the masses totalled 4,285 and the total visitors having complaints reached 31,847, down by 47.3% and 5.6% respectively over the previous year. As for the collective petition, 17,933 people were received, down by 6.6%. In recent years, the settlement rate of petition letters was over 95%. 126,154 of 127,927 civil disputes were successfully settled, and the success rate reached 98.666%. 36 suicides (55 people) caused by civil disputes were prohibited. 233 civil disputes (820 people) were prohibited from transferring to criminal cases.



(1) All figures in the Communiqué are preliminary statistics.

(2) Figures in value terms on gross municipal product and value-added quoted in the Communiqué are at current prices, whereas growth rates are calculated at comparable prices.

(3) Large scale industrial enterprises refer to all the state-owned and non state-owned whose annual sales revenue was 20 million yuan or more.

Above-norm wholesale, retail, accommodation and catering refer to:    

Wholesale: annual major service revenue is 20 million yuan or more;

Retail: annual major service revenue is 5 million yuan or more;

Accommodation: annual main business income of RMB 2 million or more;

Catering: annual major service revenue is 2 million yuan or more ;


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