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Statistics of National Economy and Social Development of Ningbo, 2003
2006-05-08 15:57:37 visits:2449

Comprehensive summary

National economy operated speedily, moderately and healthily. According to the preliminary statistics, in the year 2003, GDP amounted to 176.99 billion RMB, 15.3% increase that of the last year, computed by comparable price. The speed of increase is the highest in the recent 6 years. GDP per capita exceeded 3400 USD. The contribution of primary industry to GDP increased 11.20 billion RMB compared with the last year, which is 4.0% increase that of 2002; the secondary industry contribution to GDP increased 100.70 billion RMB compared with the last year, which is 18.0% increase; the third industry contribution to GDP increased 65.09 billion RMB compared with the last year, which is 13.3% increase. Industrial structure was 6.3: 56.9: 36.8. The secondary industry still occupied the dominant position in the national economy of Ningbo, whose contribution rate of GDP reached 65.9%.


Agricultural production and economy sustained steady development. The realized value of agriculture, forestry, pasturage and fishery increased 11.20 billion RMB, 4.0% higher that of the last year. The force of plantation structure regulation was still seen on the full swing. The area of cotton, gain and edible oil continued to decrease, while the area of high grade and efficient agricultural products kept increasing. The ratio of the area of sown crops to it of industrial crops was adjusted from 45:55 to 40:60.

The strategy of developing agriculture with science and technology was implemented at full speed. The process of implementation of Seedling Project and construction of Technological Agricultural Demonstration Park was accelerated. The government has put an appropriation valued 10 million RMB from the financial budget to support the construction of the Park. The government mapped out 2267 hectares of farmland of high standard, 316 hectares greenhouse plants in eleven Technological Agricultural Demonstration Parks, and developed modern agricultural establishments mainly of greenhouse, drip pipe, etc. By speeding up the process of agriculture modernization, there are 23 leading agricultural corporations with production value of more than 100 million RMB.

Oriented by the market, green agricultural products are greatly developed. There exist 1350 hectares of state level green foods produce bases, 10600 hectares of province-level no environmental pollution agriculture produce bases and city-level green agriculture produce bases. 15 farm produce bases of state level organic foods and green foods and 29 produce bases of province-level green foods are authenticated. The speed of developing open agriculture was continuously given a boost. In the year 2003, 9 agriculture foreign investment projects were introduced in, with total investment 12.955 million USD and total utilization of investment valued 1.584 million USD. The total amount of agricultural products export reached 392 million USD, which increased 19.4% compared with the last year. There are 327 such rural cooperation organizations under the policy of actively developing various rural specialty cooperation economic organizations.

Industry and Construction Industry

Industrial production kept a rapid growth still, and the quality of economic performance kept increasing steadily. The industry increased value in 2003 was 91.01 billion RMB, up 18.0%, which accounted for 51.4% in GDP. City-level industries achieved total industry production value of 262.74 billion RMB and sales volume realized 258.22 billion RMB, increasing 28.1% and 29.4% respectively relative to 2002, which was the fastest in the recent five years. Production and sales were linked up in harmony with the ratio of 98.28%, 1.04% higher than the last year. 

State-owned industries and non-state-owned industries developed in all-round way speedily. The production volume of stock enterprises and foreign or Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan owned investment enterprises, which account for four fifth production volume of all city-level industries, increased 31.1% and 29.5% respectively, and 3 and 1.4 percentage points respectively higher than the average amount of increase in the Ningbo city. New products mounted up stupendously; the value of the output was as much as 34.8 billion RMB, up 43.6%.

The industry scale effects raised a step further. The effect of pushing the economy progress of preponderant pillar enterprises was pretty distinct. The top 20 enterprises with the highest industry production absolute value realized total industry production value of 82.28 billion RMB, accounting for one third of the total production value of all enterprises of the city. The average increase rate of production value was 4.2 percentage points higher than the city level.

The increase speed of heavy industries was higher than that of the light industries, with the amount of increase of 31.6%, 8 percentage points higher than the amount of increase of light industries. In the 38 broad headings of industry, 14 trades had the amount of increase higher than the average level of the city. Thereinto, the speed of increase of communication apparatus, ferrous metal industry, chemical fiber manufacture, and transport and communication facilities manufacture was the fastest, with more than 40% amount of increase. As the pillar trade, petrochemical industry had 28.4% amount of increase.

Economic benefit kept increasing continuously. The tax revenue generated by industrial enterprises was 31.847 billion RMB, up 19.4%, and total profit achieved by these enterprises was 18.918 billion RMB, 23.3% higher than the last year. The qualifying mark of the 11 economic benefit indexes was 230.52, which was the highest in the province, and 9.87 higher than the last year.

The construction industry progressed in good time. The increased value of the construction industry was 9.69 billion RMB, up 18.1%. The constructing area was 62,479,000sqm, added by 20,463,000sqm; the accomplished area was 26,057,000sqm, increased by 8,276,000sqm. The personnel work productivity of construction enterprises calculated by total output value was 127700 RMB per capita, with 11300 RMB per capita rise.

Investment of Fixed Assets

The prospect as for the investment of fixed assets emerged with full-scale development. Overall social fixed assets investment was 83.76 billion RMB, up 39.3%, which was the highest amount of increase from 1995. The realized amount exceeding the amount prescribed was 74.09 billion RMB, up 43.7%. New projects were increasing and the scale was expanding further. New investments besides the amount prescribed were 1858, increasing 15.8%, with the average scale of 55.28 million RMB, which was twice as much as the last year. The social aspiration of investment cheered with the ever more non-governmental investment of 45.93 billion RMB, a rise by 45.1%, which took up 54.8% of the prescribed fixed assets investment.

Industry investment and real estate investment were the main power of pushing the social fixed assets investment mounting up speedily, which took up 69.9% of the amount of investment of all fixed assets. And from the two parts, investment on industry were realized 39.89 billion RMB, up 64.1%

The supply and demand of real estate investment both flourished with thriving and prosperity. In the last year, the amount of investment on real estate were 18.43 billion RMB, which accounted for more than one fifth of all amount of social investment, and the amount of increase was 7 percentage points higher than all investment. Housing investment was the main aspect of real estate investment of the city, which took up 74.3% of all amount of real estate investment. The new operation area was 10,297,000sqm with the growth rate of 62.2%, from which residence area was accomplished 8,311,000sqm, up 66.1%. Accomplished area was 6,323,000sqm, raised by 44.2%, from which residence area was 5,266,000sqm, raised by 54.4%. The sales area of last year of commercial building was 5,376,000sqm, up 39,9%, from which sales area of residence was 4,550,000sqm, increased by 48.4%.

Domestic Trade and Tourism

The consumer market was on the increasing rise. The sales volume of retail trade was realized 52.15 billion RMB, up 12.7%. The sales volume of the quotas wholesale and retail trade increased 36.3%, which was 23.7 percentage points higher than the average level of the city. With the high speed of rebounding of the income of restaurants after the epidemic situation of SARS, the restaurants income was 6.72 billion RMB in the last year, raised by 17.9%. The tendency of improving and upgrading citizen’s consumption was evident, and the sales of residence, automobile and communication apparatus kept high sales volume. The sales volume of residence was 11.448 billion RMB, with a rise of 59.3%, from which 99.7% were private residence. The retail sales volume of automobile was 2.12 billion RMB, increased by 57.4%. The growth rate of domestic electric appliance, audio video and communication apparatus was 53.6%, 115.9% respectively. 

The tourism resisted the impact of the epidemic situation of SARS successfully. In 2003, the number of foreign tourists amounted to 221,500 annually increased by 7.8% and earned foreign exchange of 99.76 million USD increased by 12.8%. The number of domestic tourists was 17,200,000 with a rise of 8.4%, with the domestic tourist income of 15.583 billion RMB, up 8.0%. Total tourist revenue reached 16.406 billion RMB with 8.4% rise and Ningbo, the average rent rate of whose tourism hotel reached 71.1% and maintained its position as one of the 21 key tourist cities.

Foreign Economy

Import and export of foreign trade retained substantial performance. The total quantity of imports and exports surmounted 18.81 billion USD, with a rise by 53.3%, of which the export being 12.07 billion USD and import 6.74 billion USD, up 47.9% and 63.9% respectively. The export proportion of foreign, joint venture, collective and private enterprises surpassed 63.1% of total export volume of the city, of which the export volume of private enterprises was 1.76 billion USD, with the growth rate of 119.5%.

The scale and quality of making use of foreign capital got breakthrough simultaneously. New ratified foreign invested projects and enterprises amounted to 1209, with the total foreign capital of 7.818 billion USD, among which the utilized foreign capital in contracts was 3.444 billion USD and the real utilization was 1.727 billion USD, with a rise of 18.9%, 59.3%, 58.6%, and 56.6% respectively. Large projects were in the dominant position with the remarkable effect of “attracting foreign capital with existing foreign capital”. Of the new ratified foreign invested projects, large ones whose net investment increment surpassed 10 million UDS was 218, with the respective ratio of overall investment of 5.697 billion USD and investment in contracts of 2.289 billion USD being 18.0%, 72.9% and 66.5%, whose rate of increase was 38.6%, 41.3% and 7.0% compared with the last year. From Global 500, there were 27 foreign enterprises invested in Ningbo.

The cooperation of foreign economy goes on wheels, and service personnel sent abroad and investment abroad is making new progress. The turnover of constructed projects and service cooperation was 371 million USD, increased by 22.8%. The number of service personnel sent abroad was 1453, and those already abroad were 7025 at the end of quarter. With the increasing activity and passion of investing abroad, 74 new external enterprises were ratified, with total investment amount of 21.03 million USD and of which 18.58 million USD investment were from domestic enterprises.


Financial income increment remained high speed. The annual total financial income of the city in 2003 was 33.0 billion RMB, 25.9% more than the last year, and accomplished annual budget income 32.5 billion RMB, raised by 25.8% compared with the last year on the same calculation base. Regional financial income was 13.94 billion RMB up 32.4%, and central government financial income was accomplished 18.56 billion RMB, with a rise of 21.2%. The income of various items of taxation kept increasing fast. Value added tax was 13.6 billion RMB, up 21.2% (picking off the factor of exempt from offsetting adjusting increment value added tax, up 22% on the same calculation base). Sales tax, corporation income tax and individual income tax were 4.13, 5.97 and 2.44 billion RMB, raised by 29.4%, 28.7% and 34.4% respectively. Financial expenditure fluxed into several key areas with the adjustment of the expenditure structure. The total financial expenditure was 18.709 billion RMB, 24.1% more than the last year. The expenditure on agriculture, forestry, water, gas, medical and health were 1.05 billion and 755milliom RMB, with the rise of 24% and 31.7% respectively. We insist the strategy and policy of “developing the city by relying on science and education” and “cultural city”, ensure education expenditure, promote technology innovation, and push on the construction of social security system. The financial expenditure of social insurance and medical and health system were 43.9% and 31.7% higher than the last year respectively.

The support of finance to economy development was increased. By the end of the last year, RMB and other currency deposit balance of financial institution achieved 276.43 billion, 73.052 billion more than the year’s commencement, 35.9% more than last year in amplitude. RMB deposit balance was 105.963 billion, 19.727 billion more than the year’s commencement. Total amount of loan increased with preeminence. By the end of last year, loan balance of financial institution achieved 222.302 billion RMB, 66.863 billion more than the beginning of last year, 43.0% more in increment. The capital quality of financial institution was improving further. The bad debts of banking system achieved double reducing for the continuous three years. By the end of the year, the bad debts rate was 4.95%, 3.8 percentage points decreasing compared with the beginning of the year. The credit and loan structure was optimized further. Medium term and long term credit loan on fixed assets investment mainly in national priority project item and technique reform reached 20.99 billion RMB, raised by 57.8%. Individual consumption credit kept developing. By the end of the year, loan balance was 23.192 billion RMB, 89.9 billion more than the beginning of the year, and 3.293 billion RMB more in increment compared with the last year.

Insurance went forward with a moderate development. The annual total coverage reached 992.747 billion RMB and total insurance premium achieved 3.836 billion RMB, raised by 80.2% and 23.1% respectively. Wealth insurance income was 1.335 billion RMB; age insurance income was 2.501 billion RMB. The payout compensation achieved 945 million RMB, up 25.8%.

City Planning

The process of city planning was mending, and the step of urban infrastructure establishment construction was fastened. New round modification of “overall project compendium of Ningbo City” was finished basically. Some key areas planning as the East New City Zone, Yuyao&Cixi Frame, Hangzhou Bay New District was deepening. Annual total investment on environment and public establishment reached 9.04 billion RMB, among which 5.43 billion RMB went to downtown. The city skeleton traffic and bridge projects, like Southern Exterior Circle Road, North Exterior Circle Road, Ningjiang Road, Dazha Road, Yucai Road and Tongtu Road were constructed as key projects of city planning. Sun Lake Park, Fu Ming Park, South Station Square, Binjiang Avenue and landscape second stage project were being constructed. Newly constructed and extended roads in the city reached 120 km, among which 40 km was in the downtown. Newly increased public green areas were 266 hectare, among which 136 hectare were in the downtown.

Transportation and Post Telecommunication

The annual total investment on network-system construction of transportation, post telecommunication and warehousing was 4.987 billion RMB, with a rise of 15.9%. Ningbo Hangzhou Bay Sea Crossing Bridge, South Bank Connecting Line and Circuitous Highway West Sect began to construct subsequently. Hangyong Canal from Yulang Inlet to Yongjiang River Entrance with 94km in length and 300-tonner channel were accomplished. The new constructed roads reached 134km and reconstructed roads 264km. The investment volume on country roads was 127 million RMB, among which subgrade 139km and road surface 186km. The overall volume of passenger transportation was 250 million, and freight service 146 million tons, augmented by 4.9% and 18% respectively. The transportation capacity of Ningbo was on the speedy rise, and of amendatory structure. The possession of automobiles was exceeding 210,000, 26% more than the last year, among which passenger service vehicles were 119,200 with 788,400 seats, and working passenger service vehicles were 9217 with 128,800 seats. The passenger traffic fast distribution net possessed primary scale. The highways and fast passenger traffic lines were opened 73.

The port transportation made its competitive breakthrough by exploring its advantage as a port city. In 2003, two 50,000-tonner docks and 4 container ports were newly completed. The cargo loading and unloading capacity reached 185 million tons and ranked the second position in all mainland coastal ports, up 20.9%. The container loading and unloading capacity was 2.7722 million standardizing cases, increased by 49.2%, and the amount of increase kept the first place for 5 continuous years. Shipping companies with containers which were the top 20 in the world have settled in Ningbo port. The container scheduled flight broke through 460 per month, even reached the consistency of one flight every day to the main trade areas like Europe, Mediterranean Sea and North America. The global container transportation net has been formed primarily. 

Post and telecommunication business rose steadily with the yearly total being 472 million and 5.39 billion RMB respectively. The rate of telephone popularization was 68.76 per hundred people, of which 119.7 per hundred people and 49.99 per hundred people separately in urban and rural areas.

Environmental Protection

The environmental protection work was making further progress, and had distinct effects. Establishing and consummating the laws and regulations system, 《Charges for Disposing Pollutants Levy Management Implementation Measures of Ningbo City》, 《Straw Stalk Burning Prohibition Management Measures of Ningbo City》were established and enacted. According to national industrial policies strictly, the management of project address selection was strengthen. More than 600 various unqualified projects were voted down, so as to control the generation of new pollution sources efficiently. 35 enterprises and institutions were nominated environmental protection model. 19 smoke dust control areas with 295.9 km2, and 14 noise criterion areas with 135km2 were set up. Ninghai was listed as National Ecological Demonstration Area, and Simen town of Yuyao, Zhouxiang town of Cixi were listed as National Environmental and Ecological Villages and Towns in the province. 5 villages and towns and 12 executive villages were listed as Ecological Demonstration Area in the province (or the city). 49 districts and enterprises including Ningbo Tariff Protection Area and Development Area were granted ISO14000 certificate. Atmosphere quality remained upstanding level, and kept environmental quality I-II level for 336 days, which took up 92% in the whole year.

Technology, Education

In 2003, 1431 various technology plans of the city level were carried into execution, 115 national level projects were introduced to Ningbo and 3300 projects were granted patent. 43 city level high-tech companies were newly authenticated, 9 national key high-tech companies and 5 national high-tech industrialization bases were developed and carried out. The construction of technology innovation system was fastening. 4 province level key laboratories and 48 province level engineering and technology research centers had been established. The technology cooperation with CAS, Chinese Academy of Weapon Sciences, Zhejiang University and Haerbin Institute of Technology based on “Two Academies and Two Universities”. We introduced 269 high-tech projects, 31 technology exploitation organization, 28500 various persons of talent, among which 72 doctors and post-doctorates, 762 post-graduates and more than 300 persons with senior professional title. By the end of 2003, the human resource reached 380 thousand persons, with 300 thousand professional technicians, 13 thousand persons with senior professional title and 87 thousand persons with semi-senior professional title.

The strategy of education priority was strengthened further. There were 2701 full time school in total in Ningbo (including technical secondary schools), with 1.11 million students in school. Fundamental education developed steadily, 9-year compulsory education coverage reached 100%, the rate of enrollment and consolidation rate remained 100% and 99% respectively. High education speeded up. South Education District was completed basically, and north Education District began to construct. The number of students on campus of common colleges/universities achieved 79.9 thousand, and the rate of college/university enrollment achieved 32%. The passing rate of entrance examination to college/university achieved 85.9%, being in the lead position of the whole province. Vocational and adults education made new progress. Vocational technical secondary schools recruited 26700 students, and adult technical secondary school common classed recruited 1323 students. 350 thousand labour force took part in new knowledge and new technology training. The rate of training in companies reached 38%. The enthusiasm of the social strength to run a school was further stimulated. 1642 organizations of social strength were granted license to run a school. The capital of education institution run by the local people increased from 2.37 billion to 2.99 billion RMB. The enrollment rate of compulsory education for disabled children exceeded 96%.

Culture, Sports

We organized and established joint-stock “Mother Earth Art Group” controlled by Art Theater, Traditional Instruments Orchestra of Ningbo, and Ningbo Lianhe TV&Movie Co., Ltd cooperated with Shanghai Lianhe Theater Line which is the first trans-province cooperated Theater line. We held the opening pageant of the 7th Ningbo International Custom Festival and other relevant cultural activities successfully. 10 towns were titled as municipal and provincial following 8 towns titled in 2002. the coverage of towns titled as “Pearl of East Sea” reached 83%. The achievement of archaeological site of Yongfeng Storehouse was honoured “National Ten New Archaeological Discovery in 2002”. The Concert Hall and the Books Information Center were completed and launched officially, and the main part projects of Great Theater and Gallery were finished. The customers of CATV reached 1.275 million, and the general coverage of radio and TV reached 99.98%.

Successfully we undertook more than ten significant international and national contests, such as Ningbo host competition of CBA, International City Go Competition, National eurythmics Championship Competition, National A class Bridge Club Championship Competition, and the Second Coastal City Long-distance Running Invitation Competition. Various people sports activities were developed vigorously, and the four levels people keeping-fit networks were consummated increasingly. There were 807 sports and keeping-fit sites, the “1154 Entire People Physical Training Network” of municipal government was carried into execution, the main body of Swimming & Keeping-fit Center with the investment of 100million RMB was completed, senior citizen sports activity center was almost finished, 180 Keeping-fit Route/Garden were completed in communities and rural areas, and the total amount of Keeping-fit Route reached 580. We achieved more and more in significant sports. In the 5th National City Game, we won 2 golden medals, 6 silver medals, 6 brass medals with total scores of 163, and won sports morality award. 


The medical treatment and hygienic conditions for both urban and rural residents were further improved. By the end of last year, there were 14.7 thousand beds and 25 thousand professional hygienic service personnel in hospitals, public health clinics. The average expected length of life of all residents of Ningbo reached 75.8 ages old. The new-style rural cooperative medical service system giving priority to comprehensive arrangement for serious disease and supported by medical salvage was developed steadily in Zhenhai, Yuyao, Beilun and Yinzhou orderly. By the end of last year, number of people taking part in rural cooperative medical service reached 1.59 million. Urban community hygienic service network was improved continuously. 13 demonstration community hygienic service centers of province and city level, 10 demonstration stations of city level, and 16 comprehensive medical community practice bases were set up. The work of disease precaution control and hygienic supervision and execution gained prominent effects. The occurrence and spreading SARS were efficiently controlled. The amount of gratis-donated blood occupied 108% of the total sum of clinical blood used. The total rate of infectious disease incidence was 210.31 per 100 thousand people, the percentage of pass of spot check of food hygiene was 87.6%, and the incidence rate of food intoxication was 3.74 per 100 thousand people, which were all evidently better than last year. In 2003, Ningbo was checked and accepted as national hygiene city of province level successfully.

Population, People’s Life and Social Security

The birth level still remains low. By the end of the year, the total population was 5.4907 million, 28.8 thousand more than the last year, among which the urban population composed 2.0691 million, 35 thousand increasing. The family planning qualification rate came to 98.7%, the comprehensive contraception ratio of married women of child-bearing age achieved 91.29%, the birth control management ratio of transient population achieved 92.3%. The capita birth rate was 7.60‰, the death rate was 6.28‰.

The income of both urban and rural residents grew steadily and the living standard got improved. The annual urban per capita disposable personal income achieved 14277 RMB, raised by 10.1%. The annual urban per capita overall expenditure reached 14987 RMB, raised by 9.5%, among which residential consumption expenditure was 10463 RMB, up 11.3%. The expenditure of house purchasing and building achieved 1844 RMB, taking up 12.3% of the total. By the end of last year, every one hundred urban household occupied 167 color TV, 59 VCD, 50 personal computers, 117 air-conditioners, 132 mobile phones and 8 keep-fit equipments.

The annual rural per capita net income attained 6221 RMB, increased by 7.9%. Every one hundred rural household occupied 129 color TV, 50 washing machines, 73 refrigerators, 21 air-conditioners, 37 water heaters, increased by 10%, 3.3%, 4.8%, 74.3% and 8.3% respectively compared with the previous year.

By the end of last year, the amount of possession of private automobiles reached 76.4 thousand, with a rise of 76.9%.

Dwelling condition improved continuously. The resident area of urban per capita housing achieved 17.13m2, 98.25% formed a complete suite. While that of rural per capita housing achieved 46.9m2, 1.1m2 more than last year.

The work of employment and re-employment was pushed further. 130 thousand employment positions were increased newly. 29 thousand community employment positions, 3553 community welfare positions and 418 informal employment organizations were created and set up. 31 thousand unemployed men accepted the re-employment training, among which 27.6 thousand unemployed men gained qualifications and certifications for various occupations, and the employment rate after training reached 53%. By the end of last year, 61.5 thousand unemployed men were re-employed and found a job finally. The registered unemployment rate of urban residents was controlled under the prearranged index of 4.02%.

The coverage of social securities developed further. The number of endowment insurance enrollment of all employers reached 1.1879 million, among which the number of those who actually had paid fees achieved 820.3 thousand, 107.7 thousand more than last year. 180.6 thousand people who were dismissed or retired from the post were benefited from their pension of 816 RMB per capita monthly. The total number of medical insurance enrollment reached 842.5 thousand, 116.3 thousand more than last year. 707.3 thousand people enrolled in unemployment insurance, and the total number of people who were actually benefited from unemployment insurance was 623 thousand. The accumulative number of unemployment insurance and medical subsidies was 214 million RMB. By the end of last year, the number of the birth insurance for female employees enrollment reached 336.2 thousand, and the number enrolled in accident insurance in job reached 474 thousand, raised by 33% and 24% respectively. The number enrolled in endowment insurance of people from requisition areas reached 95.9 thousand, among which 38.1 thousand qualified people were benefited from the pension monthly. The total amount of the pension was 37.90 million RMB. The number of endowment insurance enrollment in rural areas reached 800 thousand, with total amount of pension of 26.50 million RMB. There were 181 social welfare enterprises, 11.4 thousand beds, 9200 people adopted. 77.6 thousand both urban and suburban residents were benefited from relief fund from the nation.

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